A high-level delegation of ECOWAS leaders led by the Chairman of the Authority
of Heads of State and Government, President Alassane Ouattara of Cote d'Ivoire
is due in Mali within 48 hours to secure the speedy restoration of
constitutional order in the country following the 22nd March 2012 coup that
ousted President Amadou Toumani Toure.
The dispatch of the delegation, which also includes the Chairman of the
African Union, President Thomas Boni Yayi of Benin Republic and the
Presidents of Burkina Faso, Liberia, Niger and Nigeria, was one of the
decisions of the Tuesday, 27th March 2012 extraordinary summit of regional
leaders held in Abidjan.
The visit will be preceded on Wednesday, 28th March 2012 by that of the chiefs
of defence staff of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Niger, Nigeria,
Senegal and Togo who will be in the country with a five-pronged mandate.
The chiefs of defence staff delegation which also includes the President of
the ECOWAS Commission, Ambassador Kadre Desire Ouedraogo and other ECOWAS
officials will sensitize the junta on the need for rapid return to
constitutional order and also inform them of recent measures envisaged by
ECOWAS to assist the country preserve its territorial integrity.
It will also evaluate the military situation on the ground and the command
chain; intimate the junta on the possibility of sanctions for non- compliance
and inform them of other possible measures that may be taken by ECOWAS to re-
establish constitutional order.
The Abidjan summit also instructed the ECOWAS Commission to put the ECOWAS
Standby Force in a state of readiness for all eventualities.
The summit which examined the political developments in the country condemned
the overthrow of the democratically-elected government and categorically
denies any form of legitimacy to the junta which called itself the Committee
for the Restoration of Democracy and the State.
The regional leaders reminded the junta of its responsibility for the safety
and security of President Toure and other political detainees.
They also announced the immediate suspension of Mali from participation in all
decision-making bodies of ECOWAS in accordance with the provisions of the
Supplementary Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance and the African
Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance.
In the event of non-compliance by the junta with these decisions, the summit
urged all ECOWAS Member States to immediately impose a travel ban as well as
diplomatic and financial embargo on members of the junta and their close
The summit also welcomed the decisions of the European Union and other
partners to suspend development assistance and the suspension of Mali by the
Furthermore, the regional leaders reiterated their condemnation of the
atrocities being perpetrated by rebels in the North of Mali, the activities of
terrorist cells and networks of transnational organized crime that have
transformed that part of the country into a zone of acute insecurity and
They reiterated the call by ECOWAS on the separatist Movement for the National
Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and other militias operating in the country and
which are blamed for the atrocities to observe a ceasefire, lay down their
weapons and seek redress of their grievances through dialogue.
The summit, which was attended by representatives of Algeria and Mauritania,
named President Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso as mediator in the Malian
crisis with the mandate to interact with relevant stakeholders and engage them
in fruitful dialogue for the restoration of peace in the country taking into
account ongoing efforts in this direction.
The summit warned that the region "will take all necessary measures to end the
rebellion and secure the territorial integrity of Mali, including the use of
It also decided to despatch a joint ECOWAS-AU-UN fact-finding mission to
Guinea Bissau in connection with the forthcoming presidential run-off election
and the security situation in the country.
The Heads of State also endorsed the candidature of Nigeria's Minister of
Finance, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, for the post of the President of the World
The summit also congratulated candidate Macky Sall on his remarkable victory
in the 25th March 2012 Presidential election in Senegal and paid tribute to
the outgoing President Abdoulaye Wade, for gracefully conceding defeat and for
his contribution to the consolidation of democracy in the country and region.