1. The Extra-Ordinary Session of the Authority of Heads of State and
Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) took
place on 19 January 2013 in Abidjan, Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, under the
chairmanship of H.E. Alassane Ouattara, President of the Republic of Côte
d’Ivoire and Chairman of the Authority.
2. The Summit was convened to review the latest political and security
developments in Mali, in particular the modalities for the accelerated
deployment of the African-led International Support Mission in Mali (AFISMA)
in the light of the deteriorating security situation in the north of Mali in
the aftermath of the adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution
2085 (2012). The Summit also reviewed the latest political and security
developments in Guinea Bissau.
3. The following Heads of State and Government, or their duly accredited
representatives, attended the Summit:
H.E. Thomas Boni YAYI, President of the Republic of Benin
H.E. Blaise COMPAORE, President of Burkina Faso
H.E. Alassane OUATTARA, President of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire
H.E. John Dramani MAHAMA, President of the Republic of Ghana
H.E. Alpha CONDE, President of the Republic of Guinea
H.E. Manuel Serifo NHAMAJO, Interim President of the Republic of Guinea
H.E. ELLEN JOHNSON-SIRLEAF, President of the Republic of Liberia
H.E. Dioncounda TRAORE, Interim President of the Republic of
H.E. Mahamadou ISSOUFOU, President of the Republic of Niger
H.E. Goodluck Ebele JONATHAN, President of the FederalRepublic of Nigeria
H.E. Macky SALL, President of the Republic of Senegal
H.E. Ernest Bai KOROMA, President of the Republic of Sierra Leone
H.E. Susan WAFFA-OGOO, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of The
H.E. Charles Agba KONDI, Minister of Health of the Togolese Republic
H.E. Francisco Pereira DA VEIGA, Ambassador of the Republic of Cape Verde to
4. H.E Idriss Deby ITNO, President of the Republic of Chad and H.E. Laurent
FABIUS, Minister of Foreign Affairs of France participated in the
Summit as Special guests.
5. The following States participated in the Summit as observers:
Germany, Belgium; Burundi; Canada; Egypt; Germany; Italy; Libya; Mauritania;
Morocco; South Africa; Spain; Tunisia; United Kingdom and United States of
6. The following Organizations also participated in the Summit as
The African Union Commission, represented by the High Representative
for Mali and Sahel, H.E. Pierre BUYOYA;
The United Nations, represented by the Special Representative of the UN
Secretary General for West Africa, H.E. Saïd Djinnit and;
The European Union.
7. The Heads of State and Government took note of the Memoranda of the
President of the ECOWAS Commission on the situations in Mali and Guinea
Bissau and the Report of the Extra-Ordinary Session of the Mediation and
Security Council of 18 January 2013 by the Chairman of the Council. They also
took note of the briefings by H.E. Blaise Compaoré, President of Burkina Faso
and Mediator in Mali, and H.E. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, President of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria, Associate Mediator in Mali and Chairman of the
Regional Contact Group on Guinea Bissau.
8. The Heads of State and Government expressed deep concern about the gravity
of the security situation provoked by the entrenchment of separatist
movements and terrorist and criminal networks in the north of Mali, and the
debilitating impacts of their activities on the unity and territorial
integrity of the country, as well as on regional and international peace and
9. After careful deliberations, the Heads of State and Government reaffirmed
their determination to assist Mali in the resolution of its security and
institutional crisis within the framework of the norms and principles
underpinning Community Protocols. To this end, the Heads of State and
Government endorsed the main recommendations contained in the various reports
and took the following specific Decisions:
10. The Heads of State and Government express their deep gratitude to France
for launching operations in Mali, within the framework of respect for the
sovereignty of Mali and the International legality, to halt the advance of the
terrorist and extremist groups, thus paving the way for the implementation of
Resolution 2085 (2012).
11. Authority welcomes the adoption of Resolution 2085 by the UN Security
Council on 20 December 2012, congratulates the members of the Council on
the achievement, and underscores the need for the expeditious
implementation of the Resolution.
12. Authority congratulates Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria and Togo on
the speed with which they have prepositioned their contingents for urgent
deployment in Mali. It welcomes the decision taken by Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana,
Liberia, Senegal and Sierra Leone to contribute to the deployment of AFISMA.
13. Authority urges all troop-contributing Member States to make their
contingents immediately available to the Force Commander and instructs the
President of the Commission to ensure the follow-up.
14. Summit authorizes AFISMA contingents to engage in operations with
their organic units, and the formation of reserve units from the troops pledged
by Member States but not immediately deployed under AFISMA.
15. The Heads of State and Government endorses the appointment of Major
General Shehu Usman Abdulkadir (Nigeria) and Brigadier General Yaye Garba
(Niger) as Force Commander and Deputy Force Commander of AFISMA
16. Authority instructs the President of the Commission to intensify
consultations with the Government of Mali, the AU and the UN on the speedy
establishment of a functional Mission Headquarters to facilitate coordination
and deployment of AFISMA.
17. Summit welcomes the decision taken by Chad to expedite the deployment of
troops in support of the AFISMA operations and calls upon other Member States
of the African Union to also make contributions. In this regard, Summit
directs the President of the Commission to take the necessary measures to
ensure that the other African contingents are taken into account by the AFISMA
18. Authority directs the President of the Commission to expedite high-level
consultations with the Government of Mali, the AU and UN towards the
establishment of a Joint Coordination Mechanism on Resolution 2085 to
facilitate regular consultations on political leadership, resource
mobilization, reporting, monitoring and evaluation.
19. Authority requests the United Nations to provide immediate logistical and
financial support for the deployment of AFISMA pending a UN Security Council
decision on a UN logistical support package, consistent with UNSC Resolution
2085 (2012), and bearing in mind the unfolding situation on the ground in Mali
that necessitated the accelerated deployment of AFISMA. In that regard,
Authority welcomes the steps already taken by the UN Secretary-General to
present to the UNSC, in the coming days, options on the logistical support that
could be provided to AFISMA.
20. Authority instructs the President of the Commission to initiate all
necessary actions to convene, in close consultation with the AU, a donor
conference for the mobilization of financial, material and logistical
resources for the deployment of AFISMA.
21. Authority instructs the President of the Commission to take all necessary
measures to mobilize internal resources in support of AFISMA operations. In
this regard, Authority calls on all Member States to fulfill their Community
Levy obligations as a matter of urgency, and directs the President of the
Commission to ensure a follow-up. Authority also expresses gratitude to the
Government of Nigeria for the financial assistance to Mali.
22. The Heads of State and Government authorize the ECOWAS Commission to use a
special dispensation outside the normal ECOWAS procedures in order to
accelerate the procurement of logistical resources, other goods and services,
with respect to the deployment of AFISMA.
23. Authority instructs the President of the Commission to take necessary
and urgent steps to strengthen the human resource and operational capacities
of the Office of the Special Representative in Mali, and to ensure the
deployment of a robust civilian component within the framework of AFISMA.
Consequently, Authority approves a special waiver to the Commission for the
recruitment of additional staff. Authority also instructs the President of the
Commission to apply the same dispensation for the recruitment of essential
staff to the Department of Political Affairs, Peace and Security, to further
enhance its capacities in the face of the new political and security challenges
facing the Region.
24. Authority stresses the need for the ECOWAS Standby Force to be
strengthened and prepositioned for rapid deployment to face challenges that
could arise in the region.
25. The Heads of State and Government also express gratitude to international
partners for the timely intervention to support the Government of Mali to
defend its territorial integrity within the framework of Resolution 2085.
26. Summit welcomes the announcement by international partners, particularly
the European Union and the United States of America, to provide urgent
logistical and financial assistance in support of AFISMA operations.
27. Summit calls on humanitarian agencies and Partners to intensify
assistance to Mali and the neighbouring countries to meet the humanitarian
consequences of the deployment, including assistance to affected populations,
protection of humanitarian corridors/spaces, and actors. Summit calls on the
Partners to coordinate their efforts to facilitate the implementation of the
humanitarian aspects of Resolution 2085.
28. With regard to the institutional crisis facing Mali, Authority reiterates
its unflinching support to the on-going transition, and to the Interim
Transitional authorities, particularly the Interim President and Prime
Minister. Authority urges the President to take all necessary measures to
chart a transitional roadmap and establish mechanisms for its implementation,
including preparations for an inclusive, free, fair and transparent electoral
process, national dialogue, and the extension of state authority throughout the
territory of Mali.
29. Authority commends President Dioncounda Traoré for his courage and
resilience in the face of adversity and challenges in his country.
30. The Heads of State and Government reaffirm its determination to take all
appropriate measures to strengthen the Transition.
31. The Heads of State and Government express gratitude to the Mediator,
H.E. Blaise Compaoré, President of Burkina Faso, and the Associate Mediator,
H.E. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, for
their sterling mediation efforts, and encourage them to persevere in their
undertaking until the resolution of the institutional and security crises in
32. On the issue of the political and security challenges in Guinea Bissau,
Authority expresses its commitment to accompany the country in accomplishing
the tasks of the transitional process, including the conduct of urgent multi-
sectoral reforms and the holding of inclusive, free, fair and transparent
elections in the course of the transition.
33. Authority welcomes the accession of all political parties in Guinea Bissau
to the Transitional Pact, including the PAIGC, and commends them for their
efforts in deepening internal dialogue. Authority welcomes the setting up of
the Parliamentary Commission within the People’s National Assembly to review
the transitional roadmap with a view to determining a technically feasible
date for the holding of the next Presidential and Legislative elections.
34. Authority directs the President of the Commission to take all appropriate
measures to expedite action on the commencement of the implementation of the
Defence and Security Sector Reform Programme (DSSRP), and to this end welcomes
the upcoming high-level consultations in Abuja between the ECOWAS Commission
and the Government of Guinea Bissau on the modalities for the take-off of the
35. Summit takes note of the Joint Assessment Mission undertaken by ECOWAS,
the CPLP, the AU, the UN and the EU in December 2012, and welcomes the new
spirit of cooperation among the Stakeholders.
36. The Heads of State and Government reiterate the call on the AU to
urgently consider the recognition of the on-going transition and the lifting of
sanctions against Guinea Bissau. They further urged the UN, CPLP, the EU and
other international partners to resume cooperation with Guinea Bissau and to
support efforts aimed at ensuring a more inclusive transition in the country.
37. Authority decides to extend further financial support to the Government
of Guinea Bissau to assist in the running of government.
38. Authority expresses gratitude to the troop-contributing Member-States to
ECOMIB, and commends ECOMIB troops for their efforts at ensuring security in
Guinea Bissau. Authority approves the creation of a reserve force of 140 troops
in support of ECOMIB.
39. Summit directs the Commission to expedite action on strengthening the
capacities of the Office of the Special Representative in Guinea Bissau in
order to facilitate the effective discharge of its additional responsibilities.
40. Authority expresses deep appreciation to H.E. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan,
President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Chairman of the Regional
Contact Group on Guinea Bissau, and Member States of the RCG-GB, for their
assistance to Guinea Bissau and their commitment to ensuring a successful
41. Authority decides to remain seized by the matter of Mali and Guinea